My wife and I recently returned from the Dominican Republic. We were on a Wine to Water (W2W) support trip with 16 other volunteers from Nebraska, Washington DC and North Carolina. We spent a week learning about the worldwide water crisis and what W2W was doing to alleviate the crisis.
You may not know much about W2W or Doc Hendley the founder. Here is a short video about him and his being nominated for Hero of the Year by CNN.
While we were there we learned how to make the filters and then worked half-days in the plant making the filters. The filters cost $50 to make and are sold for $3 to people. The fee is charged to encourage them to take care of and use the filters. One picture shows the inside of the filter made of sand, clay, sawdust and liquid silver. The filters are fired in a kiln and when done the sawdust is burned leaving small passage ways for the water to flow through. The silver is added to kill off germs and bacteria.
Completed Staff Work (CSW) is a topic generally considered to be a part of decision making. However, it also has its origins in ancient times according to Russ Wescott in, "Completed Staff Work Revisited" published in the Quality Press, March 2007. There is little really published about the topic in the form of books. There is one other book published in the Phillipines on the topic.
You will find information on the Internet, mostly in short article or essay form. You will find information in Wikipedia provides a very brief section on the topic.
A search of the Internet will also reveal that the Canadian Army contributed to the development and use of CSW. This article appeared in the Canadian "Regimental Rogue" publication in 1943.
There are a couple of exceptions: Stephen Covey, in Principle-Centered Leadership, published in 1992, devotes an entire chapter (23) to the subject o Completed Staff Work. In this chapter he provides some examples and provides a com...